It is one of the few commonalities between Mr. Trump and Obama. The two had promised to get out their troops from Afghanistan. The two are forced to reinforce them and thus perpetuate a war without end, punctuated by his sinister attacks and struggles of factions, which seems incomprehensible. Modestly, are trying to get the keys that explain us this state of affairs in history.
The first to bear in mind is that this vast country (larger than metropolitan France) didn’t have much to do with the idea that the West can be a State. His name even appears only recently, in the middle of the 18th century, when a local warrior, Ahmad Shah Dorrani (1722-1772), is top Padichah by a traditional Assembly of clan leaders and begins to reign over a composite whole. The country remained this complex mosaic of tribes, shared between many minorities – the Hazaras, a Shiite over-estimated, Tajiks (one of which was the famous Commander Massoud), Uzbeks – always more or less dominated by a majority, the Pashtuns in particular fate. By accident of carvings dating back to the British India, most of them living across the border in Pakistan.